New advances in diagnosis and treatment inspire new hope for survival for people living with lung cancer. Through Hope for Survival campaign, our goal is to share knowledge about lung diseases and to raise awareness among the public. A better understanding about the disease can help to reduce the barriers to seeking for early screening and diagnosis. Early detection and treatment can improve survival outcomes.
Do you know that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women? Lung cancer begins in the lungs and may spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body, such as the brain. Cancer from other organs on the other hand, may spread to the lungs. When cancer cells spread from one organ to other parts of the body, they are called metastases.1
Lung cancers are usually classiﬁed into two main types called small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Around 80% to 85% of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are sometimes called oat cell cancer, and occurs in about 10% to 15% of all lung cancers.2
There are a number of factors that may increase your risk of lung cancer.3 Risk factors and causes of lung cancer include:
Signs and Symptoms
Lung cancer typically doesn’t display signs and symptoms in its earliest stages. Signs and symptoms of lung cancer usually occur when the disease is advanced.4 Some of the signs and symptoms to look out are:
- A new cough that doesn’t go away
- Coughing up blood, even a small amount
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Losing weight without trying
- Bone pain
Is lung cancer preventable?
There’s no deﬁnite way to prevent lung cancer, but the risk can be reduced if you :
Is it too late?
Never! Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that worry you. And, if you smoke and have been unable to quit, make an appointment with your doctor who can recommend you strategies for quitting smoking. It always helps to have someone journey with you – be it to motivate you to quit smoking or to walk with you through the lung cancer treatment. The time to start is now. Take the ﬁrst step today!